"All people want to be the best they can be."

(Erickson, Tomlin, and Swain, 1983)

The Start of SAMRM

The Society for the Advancement of Modeling and Role-Modeling was established at The University of Michigan in April of 1986, under the guidance of Carolyn Kinney, Evelyn Tomlin, Helen Erickon, Mary Ann Swain, plus 29 other nurses, by signing the SAMRM Charter.

Start Practicing MRM!

There are many various resources available to get oneself started. They include, but are not limited to: MRM books, researching various references, contacting MRM experts, and inquiries to both academic programs and health care agencies that teach and/or utilize MRM.

As A Member of SAMRM

SAMRM holds retreats and conferences, occcurring on alternating years. A retreat is expected to be held on odd years, with a conference on even. Even if you are not a member of SAMRM, you are invited to participate in our online discussions and browse some articles in our Journal.

Today, MRM serves as one of the extant theories for holistic nursing.

The theory has provided the framework for numerous dissertations, several research studies, and clinical practice. Holistic nursing is recognized as a specialty by the American Nurses Association with certification available through the American Holistic Nurses Credentialing Corporation.

Modeling and Role-Modeling Theory

(MRM; Erickson, Tomlin & Swain, 1983)

Modeling and Role-Modeling Theory provides a paradigm and theory for nursing. MRM is best depicted as a grand theory encompassing numerous mid-range theories. MRM has been applied in a variety of clinical practice settings, educational programs, and research.

All people are alike in some ways and different in other ways. Some commonalities exist among people as holistic beings, including their basic needs, developmental stages and drive for affiliated-individuation. Differences among people include their genetic endowment, unique model of the world and how they adapt to stress.

The Purpose of the Society

The purpose of the Society shall be to advance the development and application of the theory, Modeling and Role-Modeling, by:

  • Promoting the continuous study and integration of the theoretical propositions and philosophical foundations through research, practice and continuous education;
  • Developing a network for the support, stimulation and growth of the membership through newsletters, conferences and membership meetings;
  • Disseminating knowledge and information through conferences and publication of conference proceedings;
  • Addressing society needs by contributing to improvement of health care through proactive promotion of holistic health.

Adopted at Chartering Session, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Michigan, April 1986.

Helen C. Erickson

Creator of the Theory of
Modeling and Role-Modeling

Educational Background

  • 1957 - Graduated Saginaw General Hospital
  • 1974 - BSN; University of Michigan
  • 1976 - MSN Psychiatric Nursing;
    University of Michigan
  • 1984 - Doctorate in Educational Psychology;
    University of Michigan

Clinical Background

  • ER and Medical - Surgical Nursing
  • Director of Health Services;
    San German, Puerto Rico
  • Independant Psychiatric Nurse Consultant

Selected Accomplishments

  • Authored, in collaboration with Tomlin and Swain, Modeling and Role-Modeling, A Theory and Paradigm for Nursing (1983) which describes her holistic nursing theory
  • Authored numerous articles on Modeling and Role-Modeling Theory and holistic nursing
  • American Nurses Holistic Nurses Association 2012 Holistic Nurse of the Year
  • Former board chair and current expert advisor to the Board of Directors of the American Holistic Nurses Credentialing Corporation
  • Awarded with an Endowed Lectureship on Holistic Nursing
  • Consultant for health care facilities and schools of nursing on integrating holistic nursing and MRM theory into education, practice, and research
  • Professor Emerita, University of Texas at Austin